Home Canada Contemporary report details how Canadian weapons are allegedly fuelling Yemen war

Contemporary report details how Canadian weapons are allegedly fuelling Yemen war

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Contemporary report details how Canadian weapons are allegedly fuelling Yemen war

The Trudeau authorities is going via renewed calls to entire palms exports to Saudi Arabia following a brand unusual report that alleges there might be “persuasive proof” that Canadian-made weapons are being feeble in the war in Yemen, which has killed a minimal of 233,000 other folks.

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The unusual report from the disarmament neighborhood Venture Ploughshares and Amnesty International offers a scathing rebuttal to a analysis from World Affairs Canada last year that discovered there became as soon as “no credible proof” that Canadian weapons and armed forces equipment had been contributing to Saudi Arabian human-rights violations.

Canada’s $15-billion agreement to export light armoured vehicles (LAVs) to the Kingdom – produced by Long-established Dynamics Land Systems Canada in London, Ont. – has been a political controversy for the Liberal authorities as Saudi Arabia ranks amongst the sphere’s worst on human rights.

The report released Wednesday titled “No Credible Evidence” details the continuing saga for the reason that deal became as soon as first well-liked by the ancient Conservative authorities in 2014 and given the last, essential inexperienced light by Trudeau’s Liberals in 2015.

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The utilize of authorities data, media reports and summaries of investigations by human rights displays across the sphere, it purports to show that “there might be persuasive proof that weapons exported from Canada to (the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), including (light armored vehicles) and sniper rifles, had been diverted to be used within the war in Yemen.”

“Given the overriding anxiousness posed by Canadian weapons exports to (Saudi Arabia), Canada have to without delay revoke existing palms export permits to KSA and droop the issuance of unusual ones,” the report acknowledged.

It also details photographic proof from the previous couple of years that appears to show Canadian-made LAVs, fitted with machine guns and cannons, and PGW Defence Technologies sniper rifles in Yemen amid clashes between coalition forces led by Saudi Arabia and Houthi rebels backed by Iran.

Per the UN Place of enterprise for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs, the Yemen warfare has resulted in an estimated 233,000 deaths, including 131,000 from oblique causes enjoy a lack of food, medical companies and products and infrastructure. The UN has called the war the “world’s worst humanitarian disaster.”

Canadian-made LAVs reportedly operated by Yemeni government forces in Hajjah Province, Yemen, May 2018.


Canadian-made LAVs reportedly operated by Yemeni authorities forces in Hajjah Province, Yemen, Might presumably presumably well furthermore merely 2018.


(YouTube/Screenshot)


Canadian-made LAV-25 reportedly destroyed following clashes with Houthi militants in August 2019. (Houthi Riot Media).

One image, sourced from Arab Reporters for Investigative Journalism, appears to show Mohammed bin Abdullah Al-Ajabi, brigadier long-established of the Yemeni forces, photographed on two different times in 2018 preserving a PGW Defence Technologies Timberwolf sniper rifle.

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A brigadier general in the Yemeni armed forces, allegedly firing a Canadian-made PGW Defence Technologies sniper rifle


A brigadier long-established within the Yemeni armed forces, allegedly firing a Canadian-made PGW Defence Technologies sniper rifle.


(Arab Reporters for Investigative Journalism)

This also follows photos from 2015, reviewed by Armament Study Services, a world intelligence consultancy that traces palms, that show what appears to be a Canadian-made sniper rifle within the fingers of Houthi fighters.

An image from social media that appears to show a Canadian-made LRT-3 sniper rifle. (ARES)


An image from social media that appears to show a Canadian-made LRT-3 sniper rifle. (ARES).

“We’ve viewed a bunch of start-source photos and video proof over time of these rifles,” acknowledged Kelsey Gallagher, a researcher with Venture Ploughshares and co-author of the report. “Here’s a snarl Canadian officers wish to tackle. They wish to salvage a mode to mitigate the continuing diversion of weapons, up to and including the halt of export permits.”

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Between 2016 and 2019, Canada exported practically 5,000 rifles to Saudi Arabia, with the bulk being sniper rifles manufactured by PGW Defence Technologies Inc. in Winnipeg, Man., per the report.

PGW Defence Technologies did not acknowledge to questions from World News, while Long-established Dynamics Land Systems Canada declined to observation.

Gallagher acknowledged the authorities is using an intentionally narrow focal level when evaluating the anxiousness of whether or not Canadian-made weapons will doubtless be feeble or diverted to the war in Yemen.

The report alleges Canada is breaking its duties under home law and the global Arms Substitute Treaty (ATT) by using a “improper anxiousness assessment” to resolve whether or not Canadian weapons will doubtless be misused to commit or facilitate human rights abuses. Per Canadian law, Ottawa is required to yelp export permits “if there might be a tall anxiousness that the export would consequence in a severe violation of human rights.”

Final year, World Affairs Canada acknowledged that in expose for a “tall anxiousness” to occur there have to be a “bid, show and foreseeable anxiousness” that the army export (a weapon or technology) will consequence in a negative enjoy violating world human rights law or contributing severe acts of violence in opposition to ladies and formative years.

“There’s not any such thing as a tall anxiousness that newest Canadian exports of army goods and technology to (Saudi Arabia), would be feeble by (Saudi Arabia) to commit or facilitate severe violations of (world humanitarian human rights law), including ‘inner repression,’” the division acknowledged in an April 2020 report.

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The report did reward the Kingdom’s “general human rights report stays troubling” and “continues to perpetrate grave human rights violations. These consist of arbitrary and unlawful killings, torture and different merciless and inhumane treatment”

Gallagher pointed to conflicting assessments within the World Affairs report that concluded that, while there might be a “tall anxiousness” that Canadian exports of definite kinds of army weapons enjoy air-to-flooring missiles or bomber airplane) would be feeble to commit human rights abuses in Yemen, different army items – including LAVs – posed no anxiousness. He also neatly-known that Ottawa’s bear in mind intelligence assessments bear in mind suggested that the Saudi army has feeble older Canadian-made LAVs in depraved-border operations into Yemen.

“This extra or much less specialize in proof totally misses the designate on Canada’s duties under the Arms Substitute Treaty,” Gallagher acknowledged. “(Canada) have to revoke palms exports if there might be a tall anxiousness that a recipient of Canada’s weapons will utilize these weapons to, broadly speaking, bust human rights.”

Canada became as soon as named publicly for the first time last September by a UN neighborhood monitoring the war in Yemen amongst a checklist of worldwide locations promoting palms and fuelling the continuing struggling with.


Click to play video: 'Humanitarian crisis in Yemen worsens amid civil war and COVID-19'



Humanitarian disaster in Yemen worsens amid civil war and COVID-19


Humanitarian disaster in Yemen worsens amid civil war and COVID-19 – Sep 26, 2020

Gallagher acknowledged Canada can even silent undertake an “overriding anxiousness” system – required under the ATT, which Canada became a occasion to in 2019 – which is unparalleled extra restrictive on palms exports.

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He acknowledged the Canadian authorities’s assessment omits whether or not Canadian-made weapons will doubtless be feeble to facilitate humanitarian abuses and fails to place in thoughts the anxiousness of Saudi Arabia diverting weapons to Saudi-led coalition forces in Yemen.

“Saudi Arabia is unambiguously and uncontroversially judicious one of the final note opponents to the enjoyment of even general human rights on the face of the earth,” he acknowledged. “Any form of index or metric on human rights or civil rights, Saudi Arabia is down at the bottom.”

“This opinion the put Canada can balance human rights while arming Saudi Arabia doesn’t protect water.”

The report requires an conclude to palms exports to the kingdom and the introduction of an arm’s-dimension advisory panel of consultants to be taught about Canada’s palms export approval direction of, something promised by ancient foreign affairs minister François-Philippe Champagne last year.

The organizations are also calling for Canada to update its laws to discontinue weapons from being exported that will doubtless be feeble in assaults in opposition to civilians and assemble a definition “tall anxiousness” that’s per its world duties.

READ MORE: Saudi crown prince well-liked killing of Jamal Khashoggi

A spokesperson for World Affairs acknowledged in a commentary that “Canada has judicious one of the strongest export controls programs on this planet” and “human rights concerns are now at the centre of our exports regime.”

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In 2018, the Trudeau authorities announced a analysis of Canada’s existing palms sales to Saudi Arabia following reports the Saudi authorities had orchestrated the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi. In April 2020, Ottawa lifted the suspension on unusual export permits to Saudi Arabia and announced that permits are being reviewed on a case-by-case foundation.

“These permits are not issued mechanically and each of them are carefully scrutinized,” acknowledged GAC spokesperson Jason Kung in an email. “Any allow software the put there might be a tall anxiousness of human rights violations will doubtless be denied.”

World Affairs did not acknowledge to questions for an update on its pledge to assemble an advisory neighborhood of consultants to be taught about the approval direction of for Canadian army exports.

For years, Saudi Arabia has been the main high-tail area for Canadian-made army exports after the USA.

Per the 2020 Report on Exports of Military Items from Canada, Saudi got approximately $1.311 billion in Canadian army exports, which accounted for roughly 67 per cent of the entire tag of non-U.S. army exports.

Incorporated within the sales became as soon as practically $74 million price of explosives to Saudi Arabia from a Canadian or Canadian company that became as soon as issued a brokering allow, with the palms originating in France.

The sale of the explosives became as soon as first reported by the Globe and Mail.

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While the authorities finds few details about the transactions, including the identities of the folk or companies enthusiastic, it does snarl that the explosives belong to a management checklist, which entails “bombs, torpedoes, rockets, missiles, different explosive gadgets and charges and linked equipment and accessories.”

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Contemporary report details how Canadian weapons are allegedly fuelling Yemen war