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EXPLAINER: What became, and is, al-Qaida?

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EXPLAINER: What became, and is, al-Qaida?

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) — Born out of the 1980s conflict in opposition to the Soviet Union’s occupation of Afghanistan, the dread group al-Qaida below Osama bin Laden grew correct into a generational threat to America that culminated in its Sept. 11, 2001, assault that brought down the World Trade Center in Current York.

The 9/11 attacks, which also seen the Pentagon struck by the industrial airliners hijacked by the group’s militants, led to the U.S.-led invasion of Afghanistan and the initiating up of America’s longest conflict that lawful ended with the navy’s frantic airlift from Kabul.

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It also represented a brand new roughly hazard, a conflict no longer in opposition to a nation per se nevertheless a sunless network of financiers, acolytes and suicide bombers that continues even after bin Laden’s killing on the hands of U.S. Navy SEALs in 2011 in Pakistan. Others own followed their model to even-more horrific results.

ORIGINS

Al-Qaida, or “the Harmful” in Arabic, organized because the Soviets pulled out of Afghanistan. Hoping to capitalize on the pork up the mujahedeen, or the “holy warriors,” purchased for the length of their conflict in opposition to Moscow, bin Laden fashioned al-Qaida and changed into its chief. The son of a building magnate in Saudi Arabia, bin Laden also loved familial wealth as neatly.

He demanded U.S. forces withdraw from Saudi Arabia, residence to the holiest net sites in Islam. America deployed troops there within the lead-as much as the 1991 Gulf War over Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait.

THE PEAK

In 1996, bin Laden issued a proper declaration of conflict. However it wasn’t till vehicles loaded with explosives detonated outside of U.S. embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, killing better than 200 folk on Aug. 7, 1998, that the threat changed into valid.

The al-Qaida suicide bombing of the usCole off Aden, Yemen, followed in 2000. Seventeen folk died. Then came the Sept. 11 attacks. Bin Laden fled the U.S.-led invasion of Afghanistan, most effective to be hunted down in Abbottabad, Pakistan, a decade later.

LEGACY

Ayman al-Zawahiri, an Egyptian who changed into chief after bin Laden’s death, has old in prominence nowadays and is believed to be in uncomfortable neatly being. Bin Laden’s son, Hamza, who changed into a number one decide inner al-Qaida, became later killed.

However al-Qaida’s prominence following Sept. 11 seen it set apart affiliates across the Mideast. One changed into the Islamic Teach group, whose filmed beheadings and takeover of tremendous sides of Iraq and Syria disquieted the field.

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Be aware Jon Gambrell on Twitter at www.twitter.com/jongambrellAP.

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EXPLAINER: What became, and is, al-Qaida?