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How many Canadians have fallen victim to terrorism?

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How many Canadians have fallen victim to terrorism?

How many Canadians have fallen victim to terrorism?

Early Newspaper

Since no federal agencies would resolution the demand of, Global Details achieve out to attain up with numbers by itself.

To attain so, we relied on court docket records, news experiences and two academic databases: the Canadian Terrorism Incident Database and the University of Maryland’s Global Terrorism Database.

The attacks we incorporated on our record had to meet three unique criteria: they resulted in serious deaths or accidents; they either happened in Canada, or took space out of the country with Canadians amongst the victims; and so they had been, a minimal of partly, motivated by extremist ideology.

In some cases, figuring out violence as terrorist violence became no longer tough. Terrorist teams customarily desire the sector to know they did it, and will have to command claims of accountability.

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Some have confessed, equivalent to Saad Akhtar, who attacked a lady on a Toronto sidewalk in 2020 and later told police he had left a show veil pledging allegiance to ISIS, “factual so that you guys note it became terrorism.”

But in numerous cases, it can perchance most definitely additionally be more tense, elevating the every so customarily politically charged demand of: what is terrorism?

We took a cautious formulation, together with handiest incidents the place there became legitimate proof of extremist or political motives.

Some cases stay sooner than the courts, however the allegations involve terrorism or extremist motivation. Those had been incorporated.

Shall we embrace, we incorporated the London truck assault, since police have alleged the suspect, Nathaniel Veltman, intentionally centered a Muslim family, and prosecutors have charged him with terrorism.

We also incorporated the Toronto van assault, though the motivation became stumbled on by the Ontario court docket to be a mixture of Incel ideology and a necessity for infamy.

Additional, the Edmonton van assault made our record because an ISIS flag became stumbled on within the attacker’s automobile and he had an alleged history of extremism.

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But we did no longer consist of the Toronto Danforth shootings, since police have been unable to establish a motive.

Nor did we consist of the 55 Canadians and 30 eternal residents killed when Iran’s Modern Guards shot down a passenger aircraft — though the Ontario court docket has dominated it became an act of terrorism and so they arguably desires to be counted as well.

Moreover no longer incorporated had been the 158 Canadian Armed Forces participants killed while serving in Afghanistan, since worldwide definitions of terrorism take care of civilians. But since the Taliban is a listed terrorist neighborhood, there is known as a case for counting them as victims of terrorism.

That gave us 50 attacks outdoors Canada since 2001 that killed 75 Canadians and injured 32.

Within Canada, we identified 16 attacks over the previous decade that killed 29 and injured 54.

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How many Canadians have fallen victim to terrorism?